Sleep deprivation is a condition whereby one does not get sufficient sleep at night. It is common in modern society due to the increased workload and night activity. Sleep is vital because it helps the body restore itself, heal, and remove some metabolic wastes. It is an important indicator of overall health and well-being and is used in the diagnosis of many health conditions. An adult requires about seven to eight hours of sleep at night to feel refreshed and well-rested. Getting insufficient sleep repeatedly can lead to complications, such as daytime sleepiness, hypersomnia, an impaired immune system, difficulty concentrating, lack of energy, and poor memory. Sleep deprivation is mainly caused by sleep disturbances that reduce the amount of sleep time that a person gets. These disturbances can be caused by underlying health conditions, including stress, depression, and anxiety. Poor sleep hygiene, such as taking stimulants before bed and sleeping in a noisy environment can also lead to insufficient sleep. The condition is treated using medication, supplements, over the counter products and other natural means.


Sleep deprivation is commonly characterized by sleepiness, irritability, anxiety, and depression. The major symptoms of the condition are:

1. Impaired cognitive performance

Sleep deprivation is commonly associated with decreased alertness, vigilance, and response speed. It leads to impaired cognitive performance due to the destabilization of neurobehavioral functions in wakefulness. The cognitive functions that are mainly affected by sleep deprivation include:

  • Working memory
  • Psychomotor speed
  • Attention
  • Concentration

Prolonged sleep deprivation leads to persistent cognitive deficits leading to changes in different parts of the brain, including:

  • The frontal control region
  • Parietal control region
  • Secondary sensory processing areas
  • Thalamic region

The individual with the condition is not usually aware of the accumulating cognitive deficits. However, with time, the changes become severe and noticeable by affecting one’s performance in routine tasks.

2. Daytime sleepiness

Daytime sleepiness is the most commonly used symptom in the diagnosis of sleep deprivation. Insufficient sleep causes a person to feel drowsy during the day. Adults require about eight hours of uninterrupted sleep at night for the body to be refreshed and alert throughout the day. A prolonged lack of sufficient sleep leads to excessive sleepiness and general lack of alertness during the day. Daytime sleepiness increases the risk of hurting oneself or others when one falls asleep during activities such as driving and operating heavy machinery. An individual with daytime sleepiness can fall asleep abruptly and cause serious accidents, with the most common reported cases being sleep-related car crashes.

3. Obesity

Sleep deprivation can increase the risk of obesity. Studies have shown that sleep deprivation is associated with weight gain because it alters the metabolism of glucose, increases one’s appetite, and reduces the use of energy. The person with the condition is, therefore, likely to gain a lot of weight leading to obesity.

Causes of sleep deprivation

Sleep deprivation is caused by a lack of sufficient sleep, which causes the person to feel unrefreshed. Some complications that affect one’s sleep, which can lead to the condition, include:

1. Depression

Depression affects a person’s sleep by causing difficulty in falling asleep and maintaining uninterrupted sleep throughout the night. It increases the time taken to fall asleep (prolonged sleep latency), which reduces the amount of time that a person stays asleep. Depression also causes frequent awakening during the night and early awakening in the morning. Hence, one’s sleep quality is significantly reduced and they do not feel refreshed in the morning. A consistent lack of sufficient sleep becomes sleep deprivation.

2. Alterations in the circadian rhythm

The body’s sleep and wake times are controlled by a biological clock in the hypothalamus region of the brain. The internal clock regulates the time that a person falls asleep and wakes up. This regulation creates a rhythm known as the circadian rhythm. When this rhythm is altered, the person has difficulty falling asleep and wakes up during abnormal times. These alterations can be caused by poor sleep hygiene, irregular sleep schedules, and the use of medications that affect sleep. Frequent changes in a person’s sleep patterns cause significant alterations to the circadian rhythm that lead to sleep deprivation.

3. Low melatonin levels

Melatonin, a hormone synthesized by the pineal gland, plays a significant role in sleep regulation. It is part of the natural sleep-wake cycle that enables a person to fall asleep and wake up at the appropriate times. Melatonin is produced when the retina detects darkness, and in large amounts in absence of light. When there is light, the melatonin production decreases to ensure wakefulness. If the body produces low amounts of melatonin, it becomes difficult for a person to fall asleep or to have uninterrupted night time sleep. Therefore, low melatonin levels are said to cause sleep deprivation.

4. Reduced sleep duration

Sleep deprivation occurs when a person does not get the recommended sleep duration of eight hours in each sleep-wake cycle. Sleep duration is commonly affected by disturbances that occur when one is asleep, which can be caused by health conditions, noise, light, alcohol intoxication, drug abuse, and use of some prescribed medications. Further, irregular sleep schedules significantly affect a person’s sleep time. These irregularities can be caused by factors such as changes in work schedules and traveling across time-zones. When one’s sleep time is not sufficient  enough for each night for a prolonged period, they eventually experience sleep deprivation.

5. Insomnia

Insomnia is a sleep disorder that causes difficulty in falling asleep and maintaining sleep throughout the night. The condition can be short-term or chronic, and it causes one to get nonrestorative sleep. Insomnia is commonly caused by factors including poor sleep hygiene, depression, anxiety, some types of medications, and underlying medical conditions. People with insomnia do not get good quality sleep and end up being sleep deprived.


In hospitals, sleep deprivation and its possible causes can be identified using different tests, including:

1. Polysomnography

A Polysomnography (PSG) is a sleep study that is used to analyze a person’s brain and body activity when asleep. A sleep deprived person has a high sleep propensity and is likely to fall asleep within a short period during the test. The individual will also fall asleep abruptly, even when carrying out activities that require high levels of alertness. Doctors may review a patient’s lifestyle and sleep habits before carrying out a sleep study to help get the background of one’s sleep deprivation.

2. Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS)

An ESS is used to measure and analyze a person’s daytime sleepiness. Individuals who are sleep deprived commonly feel sleepy during the day, and the sleepiness can affect their daily activities. The ESS is used as a screening tool to examine and determine the level of sleepiness. The test involves a questionnaire probing one’s sleep habits in different situations during the day. The patient fills it out by indicating their probability of falling asleep in different situations. The test has a scale of 0 to 24, and a person who scores over 16 requires further assessment. ESS and PSG results are commonly used together in diagnosing sleep deprivation.

3. The Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT)

MSLT is a test used to measure the time that a person takes to fall asleep. A sleep deprived person is likely to fall asleep within a short period. They, therefore, have a short sleep latency and tend to fall asleep within less than two minutes. The results of this test can vary depending on the person’s sleep efficiency, sleep duration, drug use, and physical exercise. As an individual continues to lack sufficient sleep, the sleep latency continues to decrease.

4. The Maintenance of Wakefulness Test (MWT)

MWT is a test quite similar to MSLT because it is also used to measure sleep latency. It, however, requires the person to stay awake and resist falling asleep. A sleep-deprived person shows low sleep latency.  They easily fall asleep and struggle to stay awake.

5.     Cognitive assessments

Cognitive assessments are necessary to assess sleep deprivation and its effects on the brain. The lack of sleep has been found to affect different cognitive functions. It has significant effects on activities that require alertness, vigilance, and attentiveness. The cognitive assessments show valid reflections of the effects of lack of sleep on the activity of the brain during wakefulness. Most cognitive assessments involve studying the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, which plays a major role in controlling alertness.

Functional neuroimaging is a common technique used in cognitive assessment. It shows the effects that sleep deprivation has on the brain. Functional neuroimaging identifies the changes in the brain that are a result of sleep deprivation. These changes take place in the frontal and parietal control regions, secondary sensory processing regions, and the thalamic areas. Neuroimaging shows the prefrontal cortex as the main region that is affected by sleep deprivation.

There are different methods of Functional neuroimaging that are used in cognitive assessment, including:

  • Positron emission tomography (PET)
  • Functional magnetic resonance imaging (FMRI)

These methods examine brain metabolism and changes in neural activity that are related to sleep deprivation.

6. Assessment of underlying health conditions

Sleep deprivation can be as a result of health conditions, such as depression, anxiety, gastrointestinal disturbances, musculoskeletal pain, and the Restless Leg syndrome. This condition occurs as a symptom of other underlying health conditions in many cases. Doctors usually review the patient’s medical history and test them for potential causal health problems. The medications that a patient takes can also lead to sleep deprivation, including oxycodone, codeine, methylphenidate, and ephedrine. Thus, doctors also review one’s active medication use to determine whether they may be contributing to sleep deprivation.


Sleep deprivation is mainly treated by addressing the problem that may be causing it, especially lack of sufficient sleep. The condition can be treated using different medications, supplements and lifestyle changes that improve one’s sleep quality. The following are the common treatment options:

1.  Use of hypnotic medications

Hypnotic medications, commonly known as sleeping pills, are used to induce sleep in people who have trouble falling asleep and maintaining sleep throughout the night. These medications are used to treat insomnia, a sleep disorder that causes sleep deprivation.  The common types of hypnotic medications that can be used to treat sleep deprivation include:

a.  Benzodiazepines

Benzodiazepines are drugs that slow down the activity of the brain and induce sleepiness. The commonly used benzodiazepines are Xanax, Ativan, Librium, Valium, and Halcion

b.  Nonbenzodiazepine receptor agonists

These medications are used to treat insomnia and are effective because they do not have adverse effects on the body. The basic forms of Nonbenzodiazepine receptor agonists include:

  • Zolpidem
  • Zaleplon
  • Eszopiclone

c.   Melatonin receptor agonists

These medications bind to melatonin receptors and activate them, enabling the production of melatonin. The hormone induces sleep and improves sleep quality. The common melatonin receptor agonists are:

  • Ramelteon
  • Agomelatine
  • Tasimelteon

d.  Antidepressants

Antidepressants, when used in low doses, can be used to induce sleep. They have a sedating effect that improves sleep quality. The common antidepressants are:

  • Trazodone
  • Amitriptyline
  • Doxepin

2.  Melatonin supplements

The lack of melatonin is a major cause of sleep deprivation, thus OTC melatonin supplements can help alleviate the condition. The supplements are sold in the form of tablets and liquids. When taken they help a person fall asleep and stay asleep throughout the night. Avoiding stimulants when taking melatonin supplements can increase their effectiveness in improving sleep quality.

3.  Proper sleep hygiene

Different practices can help a person get sufficient night time sleep. They include:

  • Avoiding meals too close before bedtime
  • Avoiding caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol before bedtime
  • Sleeping in a dark and quiet environment
  • Following a regular sleep schedule
  • Avoiding naps during the day
  • Having fixed work schedules

4. Self-care

Sleep deprivation increases the risk of sleep-related accidents. It induces psychomotor impairments, same as alcohol. Car crashes are common among the sleep deprived since they can fall asleep abruptly. The condition, therefore, poses a risk to oneself and public safety. A sleep-deprived person can practice self-care by avoiding sensitive tasks that require high levels of alertness, including driving motor vehicles and operating other machinery.


Sleep deprivation is a major sleep disorder throughout the world that affects people’s normal activity and health. It is caused by a lack of sufficient sleep that can be caused by various factors such as underlying health conditions and  poor sleep hygiene. The condition can lead to harm if left untreated because it can cause one to fall asleep when undertaking tasks that require high levels of alertness and concentration, such as driving. It is treated using medications that help a person get sufficient sleep, known as hypnotic medications, which include benzodiazepines, non-benzodiazepine receptor agonists, melatonin receptor agonists, and antidepressants. Melatonin supplements can also help improve a person’s sleep quality without the nasty side effects prescriptions meds bring. Doctors also recommend having proper sleep hygiene to ensure that one gets uninterrupted sleep to feel refreshed in the morning.


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Periodic Limb Movement Disorder (PLMD) is a sleeping disorder that causes unconscious movements, primarily in the legs, when one is asleep. A person with the disorder experiences restlessness at night and their sleep quality is significantly reduced. PLMD is commonly associated with other sleep disorders, including, daytime sleepiness, insomnia, restless legs syndrome (RLS), narcolepsy, and sleep apnea. It is caused by an over-excitement of the central nervous system when a person is asleep, thus causing unusual body movements. The disorder only manifests during Non-REM sleep since skeletal muscles are temporarily paralysed during REM sleep. Many health conditions are linked to PLMD, including uremia, diabetes, spinal cord injury, dopaminergic deficiency, and iron deficiency. PLMD has no specific treatments but it can be managed using medications, supplements, and lifestyle changes.


PLMD is characterized by unusual repetitive leg movements that occur when a person is asleep. The movements involve flexing, jerking, and cramping of the feet, and they take place every 20 to 40 seconds. They occur periodically and can last from several minutes to a few hours. These movements occur in the lower limbs, including the hips, knees, and ankles, and can occur on one or both legs. The individual with the disorder is not usually aware of these leg movements because they take place during sleep. They can, however, wake up several times during the night because of the sleep interruptions caused by the repetitive movements. PLMD, therefore, reduces one’s sleep quality due to frequent awakening and general restlessness. The condition also affects the daily activities of the individual by leading to the following observable signs:

  • Non-restorative sleep that causes the person to feel unrefreshed in the morning even after a long night’s sleep
  • Fatigue during the day
  • Daytime sleepiness
  • Insomnia
  • Poor concentration during the day


PLMD is categorized into two types, primary and secondary, based on its causes.

Primary PLMD

This is PLMD whose exact cause is not known. It is suggested that the condition may be caused by flaws in the nerve regulation between the brain and the limbs. Primary PLMD is not a serious condition but it can cause sleep disturbance.

Secondary PLMD

Secondary PLMD is caused by other underlying health conditions or medications used. Some of the medical conditions that are associated with secondary PLMD include:

1. Uremia

Uremia is a medical condition in which waste products build up in the blood. This build-up occurs because of impaired kidney function. A large number of individuals with PLMD most commonly have kidney problems. Uremia, on its own, is known to cause the classical symptoms of sleep disorders, such as daytime sleepiness, insomnia, and poor concentration, even when one does not have a confirmed sleeping disorder.

2. Cardiovascular disease

Cardiovascular disease is a general term for the illnesses that affect the different elements of the heart, including the blood vessels, heart muscles, and the heart rhythm. Studies show that individuals who experience severe PLMD have detrimental alterations in their cardiac structure. The left ventricular diameter is significantly increased making it abnormally massive. The increased size of the left ventricle causes an increase in nocturnal systolic blood pressure.

3. Spinal cord injury

Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) has been shown to trigger periodic leg movements in sleep. The injury causes the spinal cord to malfunction leading to increased spinal reflexes. One, therefore, becomes restless and experiences unconscious body movements in their sleep.

4. Iron deficiency anemia

Iron deficiency anemia is a medical condition in which the iron levels in the body are significantly reduced. The central nervous system is affected by the inadequacy leading to difficulties in normal cognitive function. Iron deficiency anemia is associated with many sleep disorders. It leads to poor neurological development and altered motor functions. One, therefore, experiences abnormal movements in the limbs when asleep due to the malfunction in the central nervous system. Iron deficiency anemia is usually commonly reported in pregnant women.

  1. Diabetes mellitus

The Periodic Limb Movement Disorder is prevalent in individuals who have diabetes mellitus, which is a group of metabolic disorders that cause high blood sugar levels over a long period. Diabetes increases the activity of the sympathetic nervous system, thus causing abnormal movements of the limbs when asleep. An individual who has diabetes is, therefore, at higher risk of the periodic limb movement disorder.

  1. Restless legs syndrome (RLS)

The Restless Leg Syndrome is a condition that causes an irresistible urge to move one’s legs. This condition is different from the periodic limb movement disorder in that it occurs during both wakeful and sleeping episodes. The Periodic Limb Movement Disorder and Restless Leg Syndrome, however, have many similarities in their symptoms.  Many individuals with the Periodic Limb Movement Disorder also have symptoms of the Restless Leg Syndrome.

7. Dopaminergic deficit

Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that sends signals to the brain. It helps in controlling body movements and vital brain functions, including sleep, memory, and mood. When a person has a dopamine deficiency, their body movements are not well regulated and this can lead to abnormal limb movements. A dopamine deficiency occurs when the amount synthesized in the body is insufficient or when there is a fault in the brain receptors.

Other than health conditions, the Periodic Limb Movement Disorder can also be caused by some medications including:

  • Neuroleptics
  • Antidopaminergic agents
  • Tricyclic antidepressants
  • Antihistamines
  • Antinausea medications
  • Antipsychotics
  • Sedatives

Risk factors

Several factors increase the risk of the Periodic Limb Movement Disorder including:

  • Older age
  • Feminine gender
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Mental disorders
  • Taking stimulants, such as coffee before sleep
  • Use of sleep aids (drugs)
  • Stress


The Periodic Limb Movement Disorder is commonly diagnosed based on the information provided by people around a patient because its symptoms occur when one is asleep. Therefore, friends and family can observe the unusual movements, which the person is not aware of, as they happen.  The patient can also inform the doctor of symptoms that may be related to the Periodic Limb Movement Disorder that occur during the day, such as daytime sleepiness, fatigue, and not feeling refreshed even after a long night’s sleep. When making a diagnosis of the Periodic Limb Movement Disorder, the doctor first eliminates all the other related sleep disorders before confirming the condition. Some of the tools that doctors use in diagnosis include:

1. Polysomnography

Polysomnography is an overnight sleep study that is commonly used to determine the underlying cause of a sleep disorder. It is used in the diagnosis of the Periodic Limb Movement Disorder to record and quantify the periodic limb movements experienced in sleep. An electromyogram (EMG) records the electrical activity in legs since muscles produce electrical current when active. EMG electrodes are connected on the patient’s limbs to record muscle activity that doctors can use to distinguish the disorder from normal involuntary movements during sleep. People around the patient can give false-negative and false-positive information on a person’s body movements that can affect the diagnosis. Hence, polysomnography is carried out to validate the information provided by friends and family to make a proper conclusion.

2. Sleep logs

The doctor can ask a patient to keep a sleep diary for about two weeks for use in diagnosis. The diary contains logs of the person’s sleeping habits, including:

  • Sleep and wake times
  • Activities carried out before bed
  • Food and drinks taken before bed
  • The condition of the sleeping environment

Other people can play a supportive role in keeping the diary by indicating in the sleep log any unusual activities that occur when the person is asleep. The information contained in a sleep diary is quite resourceful to doctors when confirming a case of a Periodic Limb Movement Disorder.

3. Auditory brainstem response (ABR) test

An ABR test is used to examine the hearing nerve’s response to sounds by measuring the electrical activity in the brain. Electrodes are placed on the scalp and used to record brain activity. This method is useful in studying the activity of the central nervous system and can be useful in identifying flaws in its function that can lead to the Periodic Limb Movement Disorder. People who have iron deficiency show a malfunction in the central nervous system that causes unusual body movements.


There is no specific medical treatment for the Periodic Limb Movement Disorder because it is chronic. Thus, medications are mainly aimed at reducing or eliminating the symptoms of the condition. The medications are used frequently to provide continued relief and to enable patients to lead normal lives.  The common medications used for the Periodic Limb Movement Disorder are:

1. Dopaminergic agents

Dopamine deficiency is a major cause of the disorder because the hormone is required in controlling body movements. Dopaminergic agents are currently the most successful treatments for condition.  They work by increasing the dopamine levels in the body. The common dopaminergic agents used include:

  • Pergolide
  • Pramipexole
  • Ropinerole
  • Talipexole
  • Cabergoline,
  • Piribedil
  • alpha-dihydroergocryptine (DHEC)
  • Levodopa

2. Benzodiazepines

These are medications that work on the central nervous system to bring about different effects in the body, including sedation and muscle relaxation. In Periodic Limb Movement Disorders, they work by suppressing the muscle contractions and reducing the occurrence of limb movements. The patient can, therefore, sleep without interruptions throughout the night. The common benzodiazepine used for the disorder is clonazepam.

3. Anticonvulsant agents

Anticonvulsants are medications that normalize the transmission of nerve impulses in the nerve cells. They help regulate the function of the central nervous system. They tend to reduce muscle activity thus preventing unusual body movements when asleep. The common anticonvulsant used in treating the Periodic Limb Movement Disorder is gabapentin.

4. Gamma-aminobutyric acid-A (GABA) agonists

GABA agonists work by preventing the release of neurotransmitters that stimulate muscle contractions. They cause the muscles to relax when one is asleep thus helping people with the disorder to get undisturbed sleep throughout the night. The most widely used GABA agonist in treating the Periodic Limb Movement Disorder is baclofen.


Doctors will closely monitor people who are under medication to see the effectiveness of drugs and identify any adverse effects. Children, pregnant women, and the elderly are treated as special groups and evaluated regularly for early identification of side effects.

5. Treating the underlying health conditions

Secondary Periodic Limb Movement Disorder can be treated by identifying and eliminating the underlying health problems. The disorder is associated with many health conditions and treating them can reduce abnormal limb movements. For example, uremia is treated using hemodialysis and renal transplantation.

6. Iron supplements

Iron deficiency is a major cause of the Periodic Limb Movement Disorder. It causes the central nervous system to malfunction leading to abnormal body movements when a person is asleep. Iron supplements, which can be bought over the counter, have been found to significantly reduce the condition’s symptoms.

Natural treatment options

The Periodic Limb Movement Disorder can be managed using some natural methods and lifestyle changes, such as:

  • Regular physical activity, with high impact exercise during the day and simpler exercise in the evening.
  • Regular sleep-wake times
  • Adequate sleep
  • Avoiding caffeine, alcohol, and nicotine
  • Avoiding medications that can trigger the disorder, such as antihistamines and antipsychotics


The Periodic Limb Movement Disorder is a sleeping disorder whereby a person experiences movements in the lower limbs when asleep. The individual is not aware of the condition because the movements are experienced in sleep. The condition occurs during N-REM sleep in episodes lasting between minutes and hours. The movements disrupt one’s sleep causing one to wake up frequently during the night. The condition, therefore, leads to insomnia, non-restorative sleep, fatigue, and daytime sleepiness. When the cause of the disorder is unknown, the condition is referred to as primary PLMD, whereas when there is an underlying cause, the condition is called secondary PLMD. Secondary Periodic Limb Movement Disorder is caused by health conditions, such as dopaminergic deficiency, uremia, spinal cord injury, cardiovascular disease, iron deficiency anemia, and diabetes mellitus. It can also be caused by medications that affect the function of the central nervous system, including antihistamines, antidepressants, antipsychotics, and sedatives.

The risk of experiencing the disorder increases with old age, cardiovascular disease, mental disorders, and poor sleep hygiene. Women are at a higher risk of experiencing the condition than men. The disorder is diagnosed using different methods including sleep logs, polysomnography, and auditory brainstem response (ABR) tests. The information from people around patients plays a significant role in the diagnosis because the symptoms of the condition occur when a person is asleep. The disorder cannot be treated fully because it is a chronic condition, but some methods are used to manage it. Some common medications used to treat the Periodic Limb Movement Disorder include dopaminergic agents, benzodiazepines, anticonvulsants, GABA agonists, and iron, and other supplements. Treating the underlying health condition can help eliminate the symptoms of the disorder. The condition can also be managed using natural treatment options, such as changing one’s lifestyle habits, getting sufficient sleep, having a proper sleep hygiene, as well as, avoiding alcohol and other substances that affect one’s sleep patterns.


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Fatigue generally refers to the feeling of tiredness and low energy. A fatigued person lacks the motivation to carry out daily activities, feels excessively sleepy and has a persistent, unexplained exhaustion. Even when one has had sufficient sleep, they still wake up not feeling refreshed. Fatigue is often a symptom of other health conditions, especially sleep disorders such as narcolepsy, hypersomnia, insomnia, and excessive daytime sleepiness. It can also be caused by medical conditions such as depression, allergic rhinitis, anemia, and obesity. The condition is treated by addressing the underlying health factors that may be causing it.


Fatigue is unexplained tiredness that is constant and affects a person’s daily activities. Its symptoms are commonly similar to those of a cold or flu. The individual feels drained even after having had enough sleep. The common characteristics of fatigue are:

    • Tiredness
  •          Sleepiness
  •         Low energy
  •          Lack of motivation
  •         Non-restorative sleep
  •         Shortness of breath
  •         Muscle weakness
  •         Irritability
  •          Impaired thinking

Types of fatigue

Fatigue is categorized into three categories, based on the areas of the body that it affects.

1.     Physical Fatigue

Physical fatigue affects the muscles making it difficult for a person to engage in physical activity for a long period of time.

2.     Mental Fatigue

Mental fatigue affects the brain, thus affecting a person’s productivity and cognitive function. This condition is often referred to as burnout.

3.     Metabolic Fatigue

Metabolic fatigue occurs during intense exercise when the substrates needed for the generation of ATP are depleted. The metabolic by-products also accumulate in the muscles causing fatigue.

Causes of fatigue

Fatigue is often associated with medical conditions such as:

1.     Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)

The Chronic Fatigue Syndrome is a disorder that causes severe fatigue, weakness, poor memory, low levels of concentration, insomnia, and muscle pain. The condition is persistent and lasts for over six months. People with CFS experience unexplainable tiredness that affects their normal activities. The causes of the condition are usually unknown and it is treated by addressing the symptoms.

2.     Allergies

Allergies are signs of the immune system responding to substances in the environment that may or may not be harmful to the body. They are common in the general population and can be triggered by different agents in the environment, such as pollen, molds, insects, and weather conditions. Allergies can cause fatigue by either affecting a person’s sleep patterns or causing the release of chemicals that lead to tiredness. Avoiding allergens and using medications can help prevent the occurrence of these symptoms.

3.     Depression

Fatigue is commonly associated with depression. A depressed person will feel sad, hopeless, and tired. The person lacks motivation, thus has little or no interest in normal activities. They experience unexplained exhaustion most of the time. The person also finds it difficult to fall asleep at night, thus suffers from insomnia. They are, therefore, exhausted during the day because of a lack of sleep.

4.     Cardiovascular disease

Some heart illnesses may cause this vital organ to fail in its blood pumping actions causing erratic blood supply to some organs. People who suffer from heart disease can get tired very quickly, even when performing easy tasks. They lack the energy to carry out simple activities, such as walking up a flight of stairs. They require to rest frequently and experience labored breathing when carrying out tasks.

5.     Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory disorder that causes joint damage. It is characterized by painful, swollen joints, bone erosion, and deformity. The condition can also affect other parts of the body, including the heart, blood vessels, and lungs. People who have rheumatoid arthritis experience mental and physical exhaustion. The chemicals found in swollen tissues are similar to those produced when one has the flu, and they cause feelings of fatigue.

6.     Sleep apnea

Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder that causes a person’s breathing to temporarily halt for short periods when asleep and begin again. The individual’s breathing is obstructed by abnormalities in the nasal and sinus passages, thus preventing air from getting into the body. The condition causes the person to wake up frequently during the night, thus they do not get restorative sleep, which leads to sleepiness and fatigue during the day.

7.     Obesity

Obesity is excessive body fat accumulation that poses a risk to one’s health. It increases the risk of fatigue because the individual carries more weight. The person’s endurance of physical activity is significantly reduced, thus they get tired quickly. Obesity is also associated with many other complications that cause fatigue, including sleep apnea, cardiovascular disease, and hypothyroidism.

8.     Anemia

Anemia is characterized by a significant decrease in the number of red blood cells and hemoglobin in the body. Red blood cells transport oxygen in the body, thus, if their numbers reduce, the body does not get sufficient oxygen supply. Anaemic people experience fatigue, shortness of breath, and weakness. A reduction in the number of red blood cells is commonly caused by a lack of iron, which is an important component of these cells.

9.     Underactive thyroid

The thyroid gland controls metabolism in the body. It is responsible for the rate of conversion of food into energy for use in the body. A person who has hypothyroidism (an underactive thyroid) lacks energy because their energy conversion process is slow. Thus, they get tired easily and in many cases gain excess weight. 

10.    Urinary tract infections (UTIs)

UTIs are infections in the urinary system that affect different parts, including the kidneys, bladder, ureters, and the urethra. The infections are characterized by pain, irritability and a burning sensation. Individuals with UTIs also feel weak, fatigued, and drained. Fatigue often occurs when the infections spread to the kidneys.

11.  Diabetes

Diabetes, a group of diseases that alter glucose levels in the blood, causes feelings of tiredness in both high and low blood sugars. When the blood sugar levels are high, it indicates that the body has insufficient insulin to transport glucose to cells for energy synthesis. Hence, the glucose remains in the bloodstream as cells are starved of energy causing one to feel fatigued. When the blood sugar levels are low, the body has a glucose deficiency. Hence, organs lack the energy to carry out their different functions causing one to feel fatigued.

Non-medical causes of fatigue

1.     Insufficient sleep

Lack of sufficient sleep at night leads to a person feeling drowsy, unmotivated, and fatigued during the day. Insufficient sleep can be caused by poor sleep hygiene, such as taking caffeine before bed, drinking alcohol, sleeping in a noisy environment, and performing other tasks, such as working, while in bed. Medical conditions, such as sleep apnea, obesity, and depression, can also affect a person’s sleep time leading to fatigue.

2.     Poor nutrition

The foods one consumes affect their health. Poor nutrition can cause the immune system to be weak, leading to an increased risk of other health conditions. Foods with high amounts of sugar cause a spike in the blood sugar levels, which later drops suddenly and leaves the person feeling fatigued. Not eating enough food also causes low energy levels in the body, thus leading to fatigue. 

3.     Excess Caffeine

Caffeine is a stimulant and is, thus taken to increase alertness. Consuming too much caffeine, however, increases a person’s heart rate and blood pressure. It also leads to anxiety and insomnia. When the stimulating effects of caffeine wear off, the individual feels exhausted and lacks motivation.

4.     Dehydration

Lack of water can cause a person to be fatigued. When a person is dehydrated, the volume of the blood reduces, thus making it difficult to get a sufficient supply of blood throughout the body. Blood is needed for the transport of oxygen and, therefore, low volumes of blood cause the body organs to lack oxygen. The person feels tired and runs out of breath easily. A well-hydrated person has clear or pale yellow urine, while when dehydrated, the urine is dark.


There is no actual test for fatigue and instead, a variety of medical tests are carried out to find the health conditions that may be causing it. The common tests carried out to identify the cause of fatigue are:

1.     Blood tests

These are tests carried out on the blood to identify health conditions such as anemia, diabetes, and hypothyroidism. Blood tests are used by doctors to evaluate how different organs in the body are functioning.

2.     Immunological tests

The body produces antibodies to fight unwanted substances. Immunological tests identify the presence of these antibodies and are used to determine the underlying health condition that an individual may be having.

3.     Overnight sleep study

When a patient complains of non-restorative sleep, studies are carried out to identify any underlying sleep disorder. Sleep disorders, such as sleep apnea, interrupt one’s sleep leading to fatigue. In an overnight sleep study, the different elements that are related to sleep, including brain waves, breathing, and muscle activity are examined to identify any abnormalities.

4.     Exercise stress test

An exercise stress test involves intense exercises during which the response of the heart is recorded and examined. The test shows how the heart is functioning and is used to identify cardiovascular diseases. The common exercise stress test involves running on a treadmill with an electrocardiogram (EKG) machine attached to monitor the heart rate.


Fatigue often occurs as a symptom of an underlying health condition and, therefore, the medical treatment options available are dependent on the underlying cause.  There is no specific medication for fatigue, thus doctors prescribe medication for treating the causal illnesses. For example, sleep apnea is treated using positive air pressure machines and surgery, diabetes is treated using medications to control the blood sugar levels, UTIs are treated using antibiotics, and iron supplements are used to treat anemia.

Alternative non-medical options of treatment

1.     Losing weight

People who have excess body fat are more susceptible to fatigue. The excess weight makes it difficult to perform daily activities and the person gets tired easily. One can lose weight by exercising regularly and eating healthy foods.

2.     Quit smoking

Smoking is associated with many health conditions and is known to lower a person’s quality of life. Nicotine is a stimulant, thus can help a person to stay alert and more active. It, however, masks exhaustion. Thus when the stimulant’s effects end, the person feels tired and lacks motivation. Smoking also aggravates sleep disorders, such as sleep apnea, thus causing sleep disturbances. Avoiding smoking, both active and passive (second-hand smoke), can improve a person’s quality of life and reduce fatigue.

3.     Don’t take alcohol

Alcohol has sedative effects, thus relaxes the muscles in the body. Relaxed muscles in the respiratory system can block the movement of air leading to sleep disturbances. Alcohol also increases the bathroom trips taken because it is a diuretic. The frequent trips to the bathroom interrupt one’s sleep, and the loss of liquid through urination causes dehydration. The person gets dehydrated and does not get enough sleep, thus leading to fatigue. Avoiding alcohol can prevent fatigue and help the person to be more active.

4.     Iron supplements

Iron is one of the components in the red blood cells. It, therefore, helps in the transport of oxygen throughout the body. A deficiency in iron reduces the amount of oxygen in the body and causes fatigue. Taking iron supplements can help increase the iron levels in the body, thus prevent a lack of oxygen.

5.     OTC sleep supplements

A good night time sleep is restorative and helps people to feel refreshed at the start of a wakeful episode. Hence, poor night time sleep can cause fatigue and tiredness during the day. One can take OTC sleep supplements to help get adequate sleep at night to feel adequately relaxed through the night and energetic during the day. Melatonin pills are common sleep supplements as they boost the hormone’s levels in the body leading to uninterrupted sleeping episodes.

6.     Proper nutrition

Consuming healthy foods can help one to feel more energetic, thus preventing fatigue. Some food groups that can help with fatigue are:

a.      Starchy carbohydrates

Starchy carbohydrates are a healthy source of energy and essential nutrients. Commonly available starchy carbohydrates are:

  •         Brown rice
  •         Potatoes
  •         Pasta
  •         Bread

b.      Iron-rich foods

The lack of iron leads to iron-deficiency anemia that causes fatigue. Iron can be obtained through foods that are rich in iron, including:

  •         Red meat
  •         Green leafy vegetables
  •          Wholegrains
  •         Nuts
  •          Beans


Fatigue is a condition in which the individual lacks the energy and motivation to carry out daily activities. It is commonly associated with many health problems including obesity, diabetes, chronic fatigue syndrome, allergies, depression, rheumatoid arthritis, anemia, and urinary tract infections. Fatigue commonly occurs as a symptom of other health conditions and is rarely an independent condition. It can occur as either physical, mental, or metabolic fatigue, depending on the part of the body that it affects. The diagnosis of the condition involves identifying the underlying cause of the problem. Blood tests, immunological tests, sleep studies, and exercise stress tests are used to determine the cause of one’s fatigue. The treatment is also aimed at the underlying causes, because there is no specific treatment for fatigue. One can also manage fatigue by avoiding alcohol, quitting smoking, losing weight, getting sufficient sleep, and using supplements that increase energy or enhance sleep quality.



Looking For Help With Night Terrors?

We use them every single day of our lives without appreciating how much these sleep aid devices do for us. I’m talking about pillows! We rest our heads on them every night or while laying down on the couch sometimes. So, wouldn’t it make sense investing into the best pillow possible for optimal sleep? After all we rest one of the most important parts of our bodies on our pillows, our heads!

Therefore, the need to seriously invest into the best pillows that can bring soothing soft comfort, pain relief and of course a good night’s sleep. Think about it we spend most our time looking into upgrading or changing our mattresses, but yet fail to properly address other important sleep aid devices, such as pillows too.


We’ve compiled a list below of the best pillows for sleep you can find on the market. Each product has been carefully selected, product tested, undergone review from our panel of experts, extensive evaluation process and quality assurance.


Best Pillow For Sleep Details


XTReme Comforts adjustable loft Memory Foam Pillow with Kool-Flow Micro-Vented Bamboo Cover





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If you’re looking for a pillow that can insulate more heat and bring you a soft comforted touch, then a down pillow may be right for you. Down pillows are made from the softer parts of goose feathers which lay underneath the protective covering of most birds. Key characteristic traits that make these materials ideal for pillows is that they’re lightweight, ultra-soft, and fluffy. Down is also responsible for keeping heat insulated in birds and what keeps them warm during harsher climates, they composed of thousands of tiny fibers.

Down pillows are usually made from goose feathers and are an excellent choice for a soft, fluffy and supportive pillow that can bring comfort and a good night’s sleep. The down pillows on our recommendation list contain real feathers and are not made from synthetic or artificial materials. The cover or casing on the other hand generally consists of cotton, polyester and other materials.


Here’s our top picks for the best down pillows:


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We’ve all seen it in the movies where people get into a “pillow fights” and than you see the feathers flying around everywhere from the impact of hitting each other. But have you ever wondered what type of animal feathers are being used? Or if they’re synthetically made feathers?

Feather pillows are usually made from goose feathers and are an excellent choice for a supportive pillow that can bring comfort and a good night’s sleep. The feather pillows on our recommendation list contain real feathers and are not made from synthetic or artificial materials. The cover or casing on the other hand generally consists of cotton, polyester and other materials.


Here’s Our Top Picks for the Best Feather Pillows:


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You’re probably wondering what’s all the hype about? Organic and natural product is an emerging trend in the world we live as people become more aware of the dangerous and harmful effect of synthetic fabrics, pollutants and unsafe manufacturing practices.

This is where organic bamboo pillows come into play made up of natural fibers, eco-friendly, less toxic and resilient. What are the benefits of bamboo pillows? There is a plethora of health benefits and advantages, from naturally anti-bacterial properties, hypoallergenic, UV protective, breathable, flexible, and good airflow. All these attributes can assist or enhance your sleeping experience!


Below we’ve compiled a list of the best bamboo pillows for side sleepers you can find on the market. Each product has been tested and expertly reviewed from our panel of experts where sleep aid products undergo our extensive evaluation process, criteria standards, and quality assurance.


Note: We have included additional honorable mentions for the best bamboo pillows on our recommendation list because we felt we would be doing you a disservice not recommending them. Therefore, this list may exceed the 5 listings.


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For most people experiencing sleeping difficulties there go to solution is over the counter sleep aid products (OTC).  Whether you’re suffering with insomnia, restlessness, sleep apnea or any other sleeping disorder an OTC sleep aid maybe the fix you need. Before going to your doctor for some invasive and aggressive drug, or treatment perhaps you should look at other alternatives such as, OTC sleep aid products that don’t require a prescription.

Often times pharmaceutical grade drugs that require prescriptions tend to come with more harsh side effects. Therefore, it would be more sensible to first try out an OTC sleep aid before jumping on the bandwagon for the “hardcore stuff”.  Also, OTC sleep aids come with fewer side effects than prescription drugs in most cases.

There are plenty of OTC sleep aid products on the market ranging from all-natural ingredients that can be found in nature or sourced from our bodies, and artificially manufactured drugs that are designed to promote sleep. We know things can get overwhelming fast with a plethora of options to choose from, but how do you know which one product maybe best for your specific needs?

Well the good news is we got you covered there! We’ve compiled a list of the best OTC sleep aid products on the market that have undergone our extensive evaluation process, panel of experts and quality assurance. The truth is there is no one size fits all option or cookie-cutter answer, hence, you may have to try a few products to find your ideal fit. Our recommendation list is comprised of the best over the counter sleep aids to choose from.


Our Top Recommendations – Best Over-The-Counter Sleep Aid Details



Kirkland Signature Sleep Aid







Member’s Mark Sleep Aid






Unisom SleepGels






Vicks ZzzQuil Nighttime Sleep Aid





Natural Factors Stress-Relax Tranquil Sleep






Force Factor Somnapure Natural Sleep Aid





Hyland’s Homeopathic Calms Forté Sleep Aid






Zhou Nutrition Driftoff Premium Sleep Aid






Genius Sleep Aid



Other Key Points of Consideration


Potency – Since OTC sleep aid pills contain ingredients that are both natural and synthetic, meaning either found in nature or hormones already produced by our bodies, but synthetic drugs on the other hand are manufactured with artificial ingredients, and may come with side effects usually after long term use.  You want to make sure you start off with a low dosage and work your way up if necessary, and ensure you have the right potency. Remember to always follow instructions on the label!



Sleeping equipment – You might be wondering what do you mean sleeping equipment? How hard can swallowing a pill be? Well, when we refer to sleeping equipment, we are talking about other sleep accessories, such as mattresses, pillows, and even earbuds or ear plugs.

If you’re trying to get any job done properly you need the right tools. If you were a construction worker you would need the right tools, such as hammers, wrenches, nails, and many other devices to complete your project. Take this analogy and look at it from the perspective of getting a good night’s rest.

Therefore, ensure you have the right equipment and they’re not compromised. Is your mattress worn out or lumpy?  Perhaps its too firm or bouncy? Are you constantly tossing around trying to find a comfortable sleeping position?

How about your pillow? Is it stained, discolored or does it have holes and the “stuffing” (inside materials) is coming out? You need to look at your sleeping equipment as long-term investments. After all these are the items you will be spending most of your nights with for a very long time. Thus, ensure you have the best equipment to get the job done.




Budget – Price point is one of the biggest influential factors when deciding what OTC sleep aid product to purchase. The amount of ingredients used, how fast they work, and the quantity of pills all play a role on how much money you will be spending.

The good news here is all the OTC sleep aid products on our recommendation list are affordable, so you don’t have to worry about breaking the bank. Only the highest quality pills, premium ingredients, and most reputable brands have made our top picks’ recommendation list. We’ve gone through the hard work, so you can sleep comfy.


Side Effects – The truth is OTC sleep aid products are in essence manufactured drugs designed to help people with sleeplessness fall asleep. These are available over the counter with no prescription necessary, but does that mean they come with no side effects?

There are two types of sleeping pills those that are made out of natural ingredients (supplements) and those that are synthetically made.  Typically, artificially manufactured sleeping pills are made out of two main active ingredients, doxylamine succinate and diphenhydramine, these two ingredients basically work the same.

There considered a class of antihistamines which are usually utilized to treat allergies, but since they have  sedative properties they are also incorporated into sleeping pills. So, what kind of side effects do these OTC sleep aid products cause? Side effects you may experience are as followed; dry mouth, blurred vision, lethargic during the day, constipation and overall low energy.

Hence, sleeping pills made out of synthetic (unnatural) ingredients are intended for temporary use only. These types of drugs are not intended for long term use. Therefore, if you’re experiencing trouble sleeping beyond this point you may want to look into other alternatives, such as lifestyle modifications or try sleeping supplements, which are made out of natural ingredients. (Check out our article on the best sleeping supplements to learn more info)


Note ingredients that tend to cause the most side effects reportedly in people are diphenhydramine HCI and doxylamine succinate (synthetic ingredients). Natural over the counter sleep aid products have minimal if any side effects and this is usually caused by the ingredient valerian or valerian root in most cases. Remember all because something is natural doesn’t necessarily mean there are no side effects. Always proceed with caution and follow instructions on the product label.


Interactions –   When incorporating something new into your routine, diet and lifestyle you need to proceed with caution. Why? This is because there is always a possibility whatever you’re consuming can have an adverse reaction with the supplements, food or drugs you maybe already taking prior to the OTC sleep aid product. The last thing you want is to create or worsen your condition from an adverse interaction, therefore, we recommend talking to your local pharmacist about your OTC sleep aid product if your do have any pre-existing medical conditions that you already take drugs for, and this way you can make a better informed decision. You can simply give them a call and make inquiries if you have any, from the product list we have provided you.


Below are some helpful insights you may want to look into in order to maximize your chances of a better-quality sleep…







Helpful Sleep Tips


Meditation – Clearing the mind from your daily troubles, stress, and conflicts is what a lot of people don’t do. When going to sleep the average person has a million in one things going on in their mind, from your kids, spouse, bills to pay, chores and of course work. The truth is its not healthy going to bed with such burdens on your mind as this creates stress, and an environment not conducive to sleep.


Simply close your eyes, empty your mind, and focus on resting and relaxation. It might be tempting to think about an upcoming event or chore, but you need to practice leaving your burdens and stresses behind when you fall asleep. After all sleep is a sacred time where your body is rejuvenating, healing itself, and self-repairing. Live by the motto “let tomorrow worry about itself” because absolutely nothing should hinder you from a good night’s sleep that everyone deserves!




Sleep early – Don’t be a night owl!  Have you taken our sleep quiz to find out what type of sleeper you are? If you have you might have been categorized as a night owl, which means you need to fall asleep earlier instead of worrying, watching Netflix, browsing social media and staying up late.

The average person needs between 7 – 9 hours of sleep! Now the truth is this varies from person to person and there is no cookie-cutter answer for how much hours of sleep you need because everyone’s physiology works a bit differently. But generally speaking, the sweet spot is between 7-8 hours, which will give you an adequate sleep to function optimally.


A good rule of thumb is trying your best to sleep before midnight. Most people have to wake up early and may have obligations to take care of in the morning, such as taking your kids to school and of course your job. Therefore, it would be prudent to sleep early, so, you can get an adequate night’s sleep and feel refreshed and energized in the morning.


Remove distractions – This is a huge one! If you have electronic devices such as T. Vs, video game consoles, and of course your smart phone, then you may find yourself using them during the nighttime hours when you should be fast asleep! You’ve probably told yourself “only 5 more minutes, than I’ll sleep”, but then end up staying up late for several hours beyond midnight.


Did you know the artificial blue lightproduced by most our electronic devices such as smart-phones, laptops and even T.Vs can really mess with our sleep hormones and throw them off balance? That’s why you may find it harder to sleep after using your electronic devices because it disrupts sleep hormones, such as melatonin, increases alertness, and resets our bodies internal clocks.


Even LED lights emit blue light which can hamper your sleep. A good idea maybe cover your electronic devices’ LEDs with electric tape or a cloth at night or turn them off if possible. Also, this maybe a little extreme but even moving certain “distractions” like your T.V out of your room or wherever you sleep, so, you don’t get tempted to flick through channels at night. The same goes for your phone, perhaps put it on airplane mode? Or if it proves to be too much of a distraction for you move where it’s not accessible or at the least put it on silent.





Eat Healthy – Here at we are huge advocates on holistic health. Our philosophy supports the healthy mind and body connection, there is a duality between the two, and hence it’s important to watch what you eat!


Refrain from eating processed, refined carbs and junk foods. Rather opt into foods that are minimally processed and are as close to natural as possible. A great example of this would be sushi, you can easily break down the ingredients, rice, vegetables, and fish. Eat lean meats (chicken or fish), make sure you grill, or oven bake them slowly at 350 Fahrenheit. Do not fry your meats.


Incorporate leafy green salads, both colorful fruits and vegetables, and even add in some nuts if you have no allergies. Additionally, you may want to eat fermented foods or supplement with probiotics. Take care of your gut and it will take care of you! You want to have a good balance health gut flora to have excellent digestion and smooth bowel movements.


The truth is eating unhealthy foods can affect your sleep and keep you awake at night. For instance, eating foods that are ranked high in the glycemic index (GI) can drastically spike your blood glucose levels, and give you that “sugar rush” or “high”, which is the last thing you want before going to sleep. The glycemic index is simply a measure of how food affects the elevation of blood sugar levels, from a scale of 0 to 100. The lower the number the better. Foods that are heavily processed, refined carbs and even junk foods rank very high on the GI.


Our Top Recommendations – Best Over-The-Counter Sleep Aid Details



Kirkland Signature Sleep Aid

  • 96 pills, two bottles
  • Body will not develop tolerance
  • Very effective





Member’s Mark Sleep Aid



  • 192 soft gels, 96 each bottle
  • Diphenhydramine hcl active ingredient
  • Maximum strength





Unisom SleepGels



  • 100 soft gels
  • #1 pharmacist recommended brand
  • Wake refreshed
  • Fall asleep fast







Vicks ZzzQuil Nighttime Sleep Aid



  • Non-habit forming
  • Wake refreshed
  • Fall asleep as little as 20 minutes
  • Includes herbal blend of supplements






Natural Factors Stress-Relax Tranquil Sleep 



  • Chewable tablets
  • Starts working within 45 minutes
  • Safe for children
  • Anxiety relief
  • Options 60 or 120 tablet





Force Factor Somnapure Natural Sleep Aid

  • Non-habit forming
  • 60 pills
  • Wake up feeling refreshed
  • Natural ingredients





Hyland’s Homeopathic Calms Forté Sleep Aid



  • 50 tablets
  • Non-habit forming
  • Easy to swallow
  • Reduces edginess
  • Reliefs nervous tension
  • Natural active ingredients






Zhou Nutrition Driftoff Premium Sleep Aid



  • Relieves anxiety
  • FDA certified facility
  • No next day grogginess
  • 60 vegetarian capsules
  • Non-habit-forming ingredients
  • Natural ingredients




Genius Sleep Aid



  • Very effective
  • Drug-free solution
  • Non-habit forming
  • 40 veggie capsules
  • Relieves Anxiety
  • Restores cognitive function
  • Supports adrenal health
  • Wake up feel refreshed
  • Natural ingredients




Final Thoughts

Don’t compromise your quality of sleep because you need an adequate rest for a better health, you’re your overall well being. Sometimes you may need that extra help from an OTC sleep aid to achieve a good night’s sleep and there’s nothing wrong with that. As long as you understand these are temporary solutions to your insomnia or sleeplessness, and there are other underlying factors you may want to address previously discussed in the “Helpful Sleep Tips” section that maybe depriving you of your sleep.

Remember not all OTC sleep aid products work the same and can have different results for different people, thus always proceed with caution and be cognizant of any possible interactions that may occur when incorporating a new OTC sleep aid to your regiment.

Additionally, you may want to look into upgrading your sleeping equipment too. This way you can maximize your chances of getting a good night’s rest and remember look at your sleeping equipment as long-term investments because you’re going to be spending many nights utilizing them. Never compromise or cheap out when it comes to investing into your sleep.


Disclaimer:  The information contained within these articles and website is not to replace the advice of your medical professionals or doctors. By accessing this site, you agree and understand this, and we are not responsible or liable for any damages, injuries or losses that may occur. The purpose of this information found on our site is intended to help you make better informed decisions. Always seek consultation from a licensed medical professional for anything regarding your health. Remember to always think critically.


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